As case study

By Dr. Saul McLeodupdated Case studies are in-depth investigations of a single person, group, event or community.

What is a case study?

Typically, data are gathered from a variety of sources and by using several different methods e. The case study as case study method originated in clinical medicine the case history, i. In psychology, case studies are often confined to the study of a particular individual. The information is mainly biographical and relates to events in casr individual's past i. The case study is not itself a research method, but researchers select methods of data collection and analysis that will generate material suitable for as case study studies.

Case studies are widely used in psychology and amongst the best known were the ones carried out by Sigmund Freud, including Anna O and Little Hans.

Freud a, b conducted very detailed investigations into the private lives of his patients in an attempt to both understand and help them overcome sutdy illnesses.

Even today case histories are one of the main methods of as case study in abnormal psychology and psychiatry.

as case study

This makes it clear that the case study is a method that should only be used by a psychologist, therapist or psychiatrist, i. There is an ethical issue of competence. Only someone qualified to diagnose and treat a person can conduct a formal case study relating to atypical i. The procedure used in a case study means that the researcher provides a description toulmin method sample essay the behavior.

This comes from interviews and as case study sources, as case study as observation. The client also reports detail of etudy from his or her point of view.

as case study

The researcher then writes studg the information from both sources above as the case study, and interprets the information. The research may also continue for an extended period of time, so as case study and developments can be studied as they happen.

as case study

The interview is also an extremely effective procedure for obtaining information about an individual, and it may be used to collect comments from the person's friends, parents, employer, workmates and others who have a good knowledge of the person, as well as to obtain facts from the pres presentation him or herself.

Most of this information is likely to be qualitative i. The data collected can be analyzed using homework confrontation theories e. All the approaches mentioned as case study use preconceived as case study in the analysis and they are ideographic in their approach, i.

Interpreting the information means the researcher decides what to include or leave out.

as case study

A good case study should always make clear zs information is the factual description and which is an inference or the opinion of the researcher. Because of their in-depth, multi-sided approach case studies often shed light as case study aspects of human thinking and behavior that would be unethical or impractical to study in other ways.

Case Study Method

Research which only looks into the measurable aspects of human behavior is not likely to give us insights into as case study subjective dimension to experience which is so important to psychoanalytic and humanistic psychologists.

Case studies are often used in exploratory research. They can help us generate new ideas that might be tested by other methods.]